La haine anti-juive diminue au Moyen-Orient et augmente aux USA, selon Lipstadt

La haine anti-juive diminue au Moyen-Orient et augmente aux USA, selon Lipstadt



In the aftermath of a historic trip to Saudi Arabia, the new US special envoy to monitor and combat anti-Semitism, Professor Deborah Lipstadt, told the Hebrew University of Jerusalem on Tuesday “that a change is afoot. course in the region.

She spoke at the forum New Tools in Combating Contemporary Antisemitism » [Nouveaux outils pour combattre l’antisémitisme contemporain]jointly organized by the US Embassy in Jerusalem, the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Ministry of the Diaspora.

“For too many years the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been a great exporter of Jew hatred, but what I saw there was quite different; there have been dramatic changes in recent years,” Ms. Lipstadt said, noting that the kingdom had begun to implement changes to its religious laws and the position of women in the country.

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“I met with heads and staff of embassies responsible for countering violent extremism, interfaith dialogue, including those of the Islamic World League, whose secretary general visited Auschwitz in 2020,” Ms. Lipstadt said. . “We heard from a number of people who seemed willing to balance the geopolitical crisis as it presents itself here in Israel vis-à-vis the Palestinians and the fact that anti-Semitism is a good thing. distinct. »

“These are important first steps. I sensed a clear desire to continue this dialogue. There is room to move things forward.”

Forum panelists included US Ambassador to Israel Thomas Nides, Israeli Diaspora Affairs Minister Nachman Shai, and Anti-Defamation League (ADL) national chairman Jonathan Greenblatt. The forum was moderated by Hebrew University vice president and former Israeli ambassador Yossi Gal.

US Ambassador to Israel Thomas Nides, left, shakes hands with ADL Chairman Jonathan Greenblatt during the ‘New Tools in Combating Contemporary Antisemitism’ forum at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, July 5, 2022. (Credit: Yaakov Schwartz/Times of Israel)

Lipstadt spoke about the characteristics of anti-Semitism that distinguish it from other forms of racism and prejudice. She cited the pervasiveness of anti-Semitism, its presence on both the left and the right, and the conspiracy theory that Jews use their wealth and knowledge to control the world.

Speaking in the aftermath of a shooting that left seven dead and dozens injured during the Independence Day parade in Chicago’s heavily Jewish suburb of Highland Park, Ms Lipstadt recalled the author’s manifesto of the May 14 massacre in Buffalo, New York, which specifically targeted black people.

“He was very clear – he wanted to kill as many black people as possible. Black people were a danger, they were a danger to white society,” Lipstadt said. “But he believed that behind the efforts to destroy white society were the Jews. He described them as ‘demons’, the biggest problem the western world has ever had. You have to kill them, and if they’re lucky, exile them. We can’t show them sympathy, they have to go back to the hell they came from”.

The State Department said it received information about the Jewishness of several victims of Monday’s mass shooting north of Chicago, one of whom was identified as a synagogue staff member.

The rabbi of a Chabad Hasidic congregation close to the shooting in Chicago’s Highland Park neighborhood says the alleged gunman tried to enter his synagogue during the Passover holiday several months ago, but was told asked to leave the premises.

US Ambassador to Israel Thomas Nides speaks at the ‘New Tools in Combating Contemporary Antisemitism’ forum at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, July 5, 2022. (Yaakov Schwartz/ Times of Israel)

At the forum in Jerusalem, Nides said that “none of us will dispute that anti-Semitism is on the rise. You can’t open a newspaper or look at social media and hear about the violence that’s taking place and not believe it’s true. We do our best, but our best is not enough”.

Repeating Lipstadt’s statement that anti-Semitism seeps from every corner of society and across the political spectrum, Greenblatt said, “something has changed in the United States and around the world.” In 2021, the ADL recorded the highest number of anti-Semitic incidents we have ever seen in American history – 2,717 acts, a 34% increase from the previous year… The number of the last year was almost triple that of 2015.”

Greenblatt noted that more than 100 white supremacists from a group called the Patriot Front marched on July 4 outside the State House in Boston, Mass., when a few weeks earlier an anonymous “mapping project” released details about Jewish institutions in the Boston area, calling them part of the “Zionist empire of oppression”.

The website, run by self-proclaimed “activists,” claimed that “every network has an address, every address can be disrupted, every organization can be dismantled. »

From left to right: Fleur Hassan-Nahoum, deputy mayor of Jerusalem and co-founder of the Council for Israel-Emirati Affairs; Ruth Cohen Dar, director of the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the memory of the Holocaust and the fight against anti-Semitism; Jonathan Greenblatt, President of the ADL; and Deborah Lipstadt, U.S. Special Envoy to Monitor and Combat Antisemitism, during a panel discussion at the ‘New Tools in Combating Contemporary Antisemitism’ forum at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, July 5, 2022. (Yaakov Schwartz/ Times of Israel)

“Who are they accusing, against whom are they launching these calumnies? Boston Jewish Community Center, Jewish School, Synagogues. How can the synagogues be blamed for devastation and ‘colonization’? This is because for years we have heard it from certain actors in the anti-Israel community. Anti-Israel NGOs in the United States have been saying these kinds of things for years, with no one stopping them, no one reporting them,” Greenblatt said.

He added that the ADL is cooperating with the FBI to find out who is behind this project and bring the perpetrators to justice for incitement to hatred and defamation.

Ms Lipstadt added that the mapping project “brought something out from behind the scenes and made it very clear what is there”.

“He brought the issue to light like 1,000 speeches and seminars never could,” Lipstadt said.

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